Last Updated on September 9, 2024 by Maged kamel

## Solved problem: 9-7-When Lb is bigger than Lr, What Is Flexure Strength?

From Prof. Mccormac’s book Structural Steel Design Example 9.7. Using AISC Equation F2-4, determine the values of and for a w18x 97 with fy =50 ksi and unbraced length lb =38 ft, assuming that CB =1. As a reminder, this is the graph for the relation between bracing length and Mn.

### Solved problem 9-7 Analysis is based on LRFD.

This is an analysis problem since the W section is given, for which the distance between bracing for a beam is Lb is bigger than **Lr**, and also **Lb is bigger than LP**.

To solve the problem, we will follow the following steps:

Step-1- From Table 1-1, we can get the necessary data, such as Sx, J, h0, and rts.

This is the equation used to get the value of Fcr for a beam when we have the relevant values of Sx, Jc, CB, and h0.

3-Since the given Lb is bigger than Lp and also Lb is bigger than Lr, in our solved problem 4-7, the section is in the elastic slender zone. We need to estimate the stress Fcr from the equation F2-4, as shown in the next slide.

This is a continuation of the estimate of Lr and the value of lr from Table 3-2, which matches the Lr value.

Estimate the strength of the section for the LRFD by using the formula ฮฆb*Mn.= ฮฆb* Fcr *Sx=0.90*26.156*(188)=369 ft.kips

This is the detailed calculation for The LRFD design shown in the next slide image for the solved problem 9-7. Please refer to the next slide image for a detailed estimate of Fcr.

### Solved problem 9-7 Analysis is based on ASD.

For the ASD design, the same procedures will be used as in the LRFd, except step 5 will be modified.

1-From table 1-1, get both Lp and Lr values for section W18x97.

2- since the given Lb>Lp and >Lr, the section is in the elastic slender zone in our example.

3-We need to get Sx, J, ho =d-2tf, and rts from Table 1-1 for section W18x97. We also need the Lr value for the same section but from Table 3-2. Then, we need to Estimate Fcr from equation F2-4.

4-After evaluating Fcr, we get the section’s Mn value, where Mn = Fcr *Sx. cr=25.156 ksi.

Mn=fcr*Sx=25.16*188/12=410.0 Ft.kips.

5-Estimate the strength of the section for ASD using the formula *(1/ ฮฉb)* Fcr*Sx=.*(1/1.67)*26.156*(188)=246 Ft.kips

This is the detailed calculation for The ASD design shown in the next slide image for the solved problem 9-7.

The following slide image shows an Excel graph between lb versus *ฮฆ**Mn.

The following slide image shows an Excel graph between lb versus *(1/ ฮฉb*)*Mn.

For more detailed illustrations for the CB, please follow this link–**Flexural Limit State Behavior**.

For the next post, How to design a beam with a design chart?