## List of Tension Member’s Posts-part 1.

The list of tension Member’s Posts-part 1 will start from post 1 till post 6.

### A step-by-step introduction to Tension members.

This is the first post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes the following items, the first item includes, where to use the tension members?

The second item, what is the chapter in the AISC, that governs the design of tension members?

The third item is the net area and gross area. The net area is the area of the section, from which the fastener areas are deducted. Fasteners for example bolts or rivets.

This is a link for post 1: *A step-by-step introduction to Tension members.*

### Solved problems for net area estimation.

This is the second post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes a Solved problem 3.1.from Prof. Mccormack’s book. Determine the net area of the plate shown in Fig.3.2. The plate is connected at its end with two lines of 3/4-in bolts.

This is a link for post 2: Solved problems for net area estimation.

### Solved problem 3-1 for the nominal strength.

This is the third post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes a solved problem From Prof. William T Segui’s handbook. 3.1. An A1(⁄2 × 5 ) plate of A36 steel is used as a tension member. It is connected to a gusset plate with four 5⁄8-inch-diameter bolts as shown in Figure 3.3.

Assume that the effective net area Ae equals the actual net area An, and consider that the shear lag factor U=1. (we cover the computation of effective net area in Section 3.3). a. What is the design strength of LRFD? b. What is the allowable strength for ASD?

This is a link for post 3: Solved problem 3-1 for the nominal strength.

### Simple illustration for workable Gauge Lines.

This is the 4rth post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes* *the discussion for estimating the net area, and later we are going to discuss two problems, the first problem. The main idea is how to estimate the net area of an angle bolted in different gauge lines.

This is a link for post 4: Simple illustration for workable Gauge Lines.

### Solved problems for the net area estimation.

This is the 5th post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes Two solved problems, the first solved problem is from Prof. Charles G salmon’s handbook, 3.4-2. Determine the area net A net area of the angle given in 3.4.2 if 15/169 in Fig 3.4.4 inch -dia holes are used.

The second problem 3.5 is from **Prof. Mccormack’s book.** Determine the net area along route ABCDEF for the shown in Fig.3.8. Holes are for -in bolts.

This is a link for post 5: Solved problems for the net area estimation.

### Definition of the effective area for tension members.

This is the 6th post of the Tension Member’s Posts which includes a new subject Is it how to estimate the effective area? The effective area will be considered if there is a structural steel element that is subjected to the tensile force and is also included in Prof. Abi O. Aghayere ‘s book.

An example -4-1 U-Value for a Bolted connection of an equal angle For the bolted tension member shown in Figure 4-6, determine the shear lag factor, U; the net area, An; and the effective area, Ae. This is a link for post 6: Definition of the effective area for tension members.

This is a link to the list of tension members’ posts in part 2.

An external source for tension members from Prof. T. Bartlett Quimby’s site which is the **Tension Member Overview**