Last Updated on April 27, 2024 by Maged kamel

## List of Tension Member’s Posts-part 1.

The tension Member’s Posts-part 1 list will start from post 1 till post 6.

### A step-by-step introduction to Tension members.

This is the first post of the Tension Member’s Posts, which includes the following items; the first item includes: where to use the tension members?

The second item, what is the chapter in the AISC that governs the design of tension members?

The third item is the net area and gross area. The net area is the section area from which the fastener areas are deducted. Fasteners are, for example, bolts or rivets.

This is a link for post 1: *A step-by-step introduction to Tension members.*

**Two more posts have been added, posts 1a and 1b.**

Post 1a- Easy introduction to Tension members-part-2. The post includes the differences between construction manual #14 and #15 for AISC Table 2-4.

Post 1B—Review of AISC Table 2-5 for plates. The post includes the differences between construction manual CM#14 and construction manual CM #15 for AISC Table 2-5. A review of Table 1-7a for workable gauge lines for angle legs between CM#14 and CM#15 has been added.

### Solved problems for net area estimation.

This is the second post of the Tension Member’s Posts, which includes a Solved problem 3.1.from Prof. McCormack’s book. Determine the net area of the plate shown in Fig.3.2. The plate is connected at its end with two lines of 3/4-in bolts.

This link for post 2: Solved problems for net area estimation.

### Solved problem 3-1 for the nominal strength.

*This is the third post of the Tension Member’s Posts,* which includes an example From Prof. William T Segui’s handbook. 3.1. A1⁄2 × 5 plate of A36 steel is used as a tension member. It is connected to a gusset plate with four 5⁄8-inch-diameter bolts,* as shown in Figure 3.3. *

Assume that the effective net area Ae equals the actual net area An (we cover the computation of effective net area in Section 3.3). a. What is the design strength of LRFD? b. What is the allowable strength for ASD?

This is a link for post 3: Solved problem 3-1 for the nominal strength.

### Simple illustration for workable Gauge Lines.

*This is the fourth post of the Tension Member’s Posts, which includes estimating the net area. Later, we are going to discuss two problems*. The main idea is to estimate the net area of an angle bolted in different gauge lines.

This is a link for post 4: Simple illustration for workable Gauge Lines.

### Solved problems for the net area estimation.

This is the fifth post of the Tension Member’s Posts, which includes two solved problems. The first solved problem is from Prof. Charles G. Salmon’s handbook, 3.4-2. Determine the area net A net area of the angle given in 3.4.2 if 15/169 in Fig 3.4.4 inch-dia holes are used.

The second problem, 3.5, is from Prof. Mccormack’s book. Determine the net area along route ABCDEF shown in Fig.3.8. Holes are for-in bolts.

This link is for post 5: Solved problems for the net area estimation.

### Definition of the effective area for tension members.

*This is the 6th post of the Tension Member’s Posts,* which includes a new subject: How can the effective area be estimated? The effective area will be considered if a structural steel element is subjected to the tensile force. A comparison between D3.1 for CM#14 and CM#15.

An example -4-1 U-Value for a Bolted connection of an equal angle For the bolted tension member shown in Figure 4-6, determine the shear lag factor, U; the net area, An; and the effective area, Ae.

The link to post 6 defines the effective area for tension members.

This is a link to the list of tension members’ posts in part 2.

An external source for tension members from Prof. T. Bartlett Quimby’s site, which is the **Tension Member Overview**