Brief description for post 6-discrete math.

6- Easy approach what is Roster notation for sets?

Introduction to Roster notation.

The video I used in the illustration.

In the video, I have started to explore the notations used for the subject of discrete math, as per the NCEES handbook for the FE Exam ver. 5.5, we will find Discrete math subjects On page 21, the symbols are included.

For the subject, Small x is part of X or a member of X. The second symbol is for the empty cell or phi. S is a subset of T. The next symbol is for S is a proper subset of T. The video has a subtitle and a closed caption In English.

You can click on any picture to enlarge then press the small arrow at the right to review all the other images as a slide show.

Discrete math symbols.

For the subject of discrete math, if we have a look at the NCEES handbook for the FE Exam ver. 5.5, we will find Discrete math subjects On page 21, the symbols are included.

Discrtete math symbols from NCEES

For the subject, Small x is part of X or a member of X. The second symbol is for the empty cell or phi. S is a subset of T. The next symbol is for S is a proper subset of T. The next symbol is for the empty set, followed by a subset Of T.

Roster notation.

We start with the Roster notation. A roster means a list of people or things that belong to a particular group, from the Meriam webster. There are symbols with different shapes.

List elements of a set inside braces separated by a comma. As discussed for the natural numbers according to notation, according to Roster notation, starts with braces at the left and right, enclosed is 1, included in the counting numbers 1,2,3,4,5,…  

For the whole number, the previous list is enclosed but we add the 0. For both the natural and whole numbers, we have a continuation or Infinite.

For the expression of Integers, we have already discussed, that integers are zero, positive and negative values.

As for the Rational numbers, we have one brace { at the left and at the right, }, these braces include a/b,  where a and b belong to Integers. The expression deals with positive or negative.

That is why it is written in the definition, that fractions are integers and it is possible to have a zero in the numerator, and expressed as a/b, a, and b are Integers, but the denominators should not be = 0, it is written that b  does not=0  to avoid the expression of infinity.

What is Roster notation?

∈ is an element which belongs to ∉ is not an element, or does not belong to it is the same previous symbol ∈ but with an inclined line.

Some samples for Roster notation.

For example, we have 3 which belongs or an element of the group between two braces  1,2,3,4,5.

It is a true statement since 3 is an element within that group. but1/3 does not belong to the previous group 1,2,3,4,5.

Then it is written as ⊄. The number 50 is a part of X, such that, expressed by the symbol |. x is an Integer

Provided that x, expressed by the symbol |, which starts by 0 and extends since 50 is a positive non-rational number, so the statement is true. It is said that 50 is an element of x, provided that x is an integer. 

Roster notation examples.

For -5. Does -5 belong to the family of rational numbers? It is possible, since a rational number may contain -5/1. Any number can be considered as a rational, if the denominator is=1, so -5 belongs to all x values such that x is a rational number.

Solved Examples 1&2- for Roster notation.

Let us check example #1. Let G is the set of whole numbers <10. We have explained that a whole number includes 0, and all positive numbers. To write that expression in Notation, we start with the left brace {, we start by writing 0, then followed by 1,2,3,4,5, and ends with 9, followed by the right brace }.

For example #2. Let X is the set of all odd numbers that are <12. The odd numbers are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13.

Solved problems-1&2


We consider these odd numbers 0 is not an odd number, it is not included accordingly, we start with the left brace {, we start by writing 1, then followed by 1,3,5, 7, 9,11 followed by the right brace }.

Example 3 for Roster notation.

In example # 3, which of the following set of whole numbers < 10? There are three options, the first one is the Expression of capital c.

It required to check the set of the whole number, as discussed, the whole numbers that include,0,1,2,3,4 without 0, without fraction. It is required only for the odd numbers, this is a true selection if it is required for the integers which are<10, but this is ok without writing only odd numbers.

The first choice is not correct. We move to the second selection which is, {0,2,4,6,8}, this list includes all the even numbers<  10, this option is not {1,3,5,7,9}.

This collection has all odd numbers which are <10 and positive Whole numbers.

Solved problem-3

The fourth choice is not a true selection. The third option is the correct one.

Equality of sets.

The next item is if we have two sets and we want to check whether they are equal or not.

The first set is A= {1,3,5,7}. The first set is B= {3,7,1,5}.

The two sets have the same number of elements, the same numbers are there. Since the arrangement is not important, then A=B. The selection is correct, why?

since all elements of A are the same as the elements in b. Let us check example # 4, with God’s will. Let R all Set of whole numbers <5.

Let S= {4,0,2,3,1}, same numbers of elements, and the next question will be what are the all set of whole numbers<5. The whole numbers start with 0 and continue with 1,2,3,4 and can be represented by R={0,1,2,3,4}.

Equity of sets

While for S= {4,0,2,3,1}, same numbers of elements and same figures thus both R and S are equal sets.

Examine the set whether finite or infinite.

The next item is the examination of whether the set is finite or infinite. Finite is limited, while infinite is not defined. While writing the set of all Integers.

We write the set as= {…,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,….}, the set of integers is infinite since it is continuous from both ends.

Finite and infinite sets

While for item b) the set of all natural numbers between (0,5), {,1,2,3,4} is an example of a finite set.

For an external link, please find this link-Venn Diagram.
For the next post, Subsets of sets, Venn diagram.

Scroll to Top