# 27-Two Practice problems for Ixy for trapezium.

## Two Practice problems for Ixy for trapezium.

We will introduce two practice problems for Ixy for trapezium which are 8.43, 8.49. these problems are quoted from Engineering mechanics statics by BEDFORD.

### The first practice problem for inertia is 8.43. Find Ixy for a given trapezium.

For the first practice problem of the two Practice problems for polar Ixy for trapezium, we have a trapezium of 7 ft base length, and the upper part length is 3 Ft and its height is 3Ft. It is required to determine the product of inertia Ixy.

We will start to estimate Ixy in two parts, the first part is Ixy1 or the product of inertia for the triangular portion about the point of external of the two axes X and y, we call it Ixy1. For a small strip dA, the value of this area is dx*y. The area dA creates dIxy about the point of intersection of axes X and y.

The product of inertia dIxy1=(dA*x*y/2)=(x*y^2*1/2*dx), but y has a relation of x as y=(h/(b-a)*x ,so the dIxy1can be rewritten as (h^2/(2*(b-a)^2)*(x^3*dx). We will integrate from 0 to (b-a) for the triangular portion.

finally the expression for Ixy1 can be written as (h^2*(b-a)^2/8). We can substitute for the values of h, a, and b for h value it is equal to 3Ft and for a it is equal to 3feet and b equals 7 feet, we can substitute these values in the Ixy1 expression. The Ixy1 value is equal to 18Ft4. Please refer to the next slide image for more details.

#### Ixy2 for a given trapezium by integration using a vertical strip.

The next step is to get the Ixy2 value for the rectangular portion, the dIxy2 equals (dx*h^2*x/2), we will integrate from b-a to b, and the final value of Ixy2 can be found as equal to 74.25 Ft4. The final product of inertia Ixy for the given Trapezium will be equal to 92.25 Ft4.

### Derive a general expression for Ixy for trapezium.

To derive an expression for Ixy we add the two values Ixy1 and Ixy2, there are common items that we can simplify. for a more detailed illustration please refer to the next slide image, the final Ixy expression is shown.

We can substitute for the values of b, a, and h then we can get the final value of Ixy as equal to 92.25 ft4 that the same value which we obtained earlier. for more details please refer to the next slide image.

### The second practice problem for inertia is 8.48. Find Ixy for a given trapezium about the Cg.

For the second practice problem 8.48 of the two practice problems for Ixy for trapezium it is required to find the Ixy value for the trapezium at the Cg. We have obtained the values of x bar and y bar from the previous posts and the area of the trapezium is 15Ft2. The product of inertia about the Cg is equal to Ixy minus the product of area by (xbar*ybar). The final value of Ixy at the Cg is 7.10 ft4.

We have to an end after solving the two Practice problems for Ixy for trapezium.

Thanks a lot and see you in the next post.

A useful external resource for the area, Cg, and inertia for the parallelogram, please refer to this link.

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