# 4a- Easy illustration for MARR, WACC definitions.

## What are MARR, and WACC?

### Brief description of the video content.

The video includes several definitions, of MARR, which is the Minimum- Attractive Rate of Return and the second expression is the WACC weighting average cost of capital, and the IRR, which is the internal rate of return. What does each of these definitions mean?

The MARR is an abbreviation of the Minimum attractive rate of return, for deposited money in the bank it is required to estimate the compounded value after three years the compounded interest rate of 6%, the solution is made by using the equivalence relation
between the value of time now and the value after three years, another form of solution is given by symbols.

The second expression is the WACC which is the weighted cost of money from mixed money lenders. This is a mix of money you want to get from others to make your business.
If you borrow from the bank this is called debt if you take from your funds that are called Equity or another person who wants to invest with you, he will get a higher rate than the bank offers.

The third expression which is IRR will be explained in the next post. The video has a subtitle and a closed caption.

Click any image to enlarge, you can view the images as a slide show by pressing the right arrow.

### What is MARR or the minimum attractive rate of return?

The first expression is the MARR, which is the Minimum-Attractive Rate of Return If you have the interest to borrow from your cousin to start a new business to open a coffee business.

You must still have a return of more than that 10%, at least 11%, to make business, otherwise, you will lose in the future, so the MARR is the minimum % to safeguard against losing, if you invest with a lower %, then you will lose.

You must still have a return of more than that 10%, at least 11%, to make business, otherwise, you will lose in the future, so the MARR is the minimum % to safeguard against losing, if you invest with a lower %, then you will lose.

### What is the weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?

WACC is the weighted cost of money from mixed money lenders. This is a mix of money you want to get from others to make your business.

If you borrow from the bank this is called debt if you take from your funds that are called Equity or another person who wants to invest with you, he will get a higher rate than the bank offers.
Remember WACC should be used if you have a mix “between equity lenders ”.=Your cousin ”.The debt is the bank.
I

f you take from your equity, then the part of the bank will be canceled, and vice versa. If you take money from a bank, then disregard the part of equity as we will see.

There is a sketch as shown. Cost of capital, in simpler words, is the money needed to make your business can be divided into two parts, one part to be borrowed from the bank, which has a cost.

The second part of the funding is by equity through financing and buying bonds, it has a cost of equity, which is defined here as the cost associated with using shareholder’s capital. The cost of capital =percentage of (cost of debit+ cost of equity)/ total cost.

#### WACC with no tax.

Let us have a look at an example. If one-third of the capital of the firm is borrowed – at a rate of 6% and the remainder of the capital is equity earning 12%, then what will be the alleged minimum rate of return? this is a sketch for the capital, e borrow from the bank, we call it debit if we take from own funds, We call it Equity. Each one of these has a cost.

This is the capital in our example 1/3 of investment is taken from the bank, the rate of the bank is 6%, the remaining investment, which is 2/3 is taken from the Equity, and the cost of

To get the WACC for this case 1/3*of investment from the Bank *0.06+(2/3)*0.12=10%, this is called WACC, then the MARR must be >10%.

The remaining investment, which is 2/3 is taken from Equity, the cost of equity=12%, for that mix.

To get the WACC for this case:(1/3* total investment from the Bank *0.06)+(2/3)*(0.12) =10%. This is called WACC, then the MARR must be >10%.

This is the equation used in estimation =(E/V)RE+(D/V)(1-Tc)+(D/V)*(1-Tc), Tc the tax rate.

#### WACC with tax included.

Solved example, if debt=\$2000, Rate of debt=0.06, if Equity =\$8000, Rate of Equity=0.125, and Tax rate 30%

The WAAC can be found by using the modified equation, due to tax rate .please refer to the next slide.

In the WACC, we take the \$8000 to be multiplied by 12.50%, then the remaining investment, which is=\$2000. 20000.06 (deduction after tax is taken into consideration).

This is the pdf file used for this post.

The next post title is What is the definition of IRR?

For a useful external resource, Engineering Economy this is a link: Applying Theory to Practice.

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